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Common Dental Problems and Treatment - Carstairs Dental Clinic Alberta

Common Dental Problems and Treatment

What Are Dental Problems?

There are many kinds of dental problems and conditions, some more common than others. Commonly known dental problems include cavities, gum disease, and tooth decay. Dentists use a range of treatments to resolve these conditions including fillings, root canal therapy, and tooth recoloration. Have you been looking for a family dentist in Carstairs”? You’ve landed on the right page. Do you wonder what is involved in getting your teeth cleaned?  Well, the dentist will clean your teeth using an ultrasonic or air flosser first and then use an oral irrigator to remove plaque from between your teeth so that it doesn’t build up on your gum line. This plaque is removed with a scaler (a thin metal tool) before being scraped off using a sharp instrument called an elevator scraper.

Keep Your Mouth Healthy by Knowing How to Handle Dental Problems

Every person may have some level of dental problems. Healthcare professionals like our general dentists in Carstairs recommend that you brush your teeth twice every day as well as floss once a day to prevent gum disease and cavities. However, you should also know how to handle potential dental problems in case you ever experience them. Use the following tips to resolve common dental problems:

  • Cavities –

    Cavities are little holes or openings in the hard surface of your teeth that are permanently damaged. Cavities, also known as tooth decay or caries, are brought on by a number of things, including oral bacteria, frequent eating, consuming sugary beverages, and inadequate tooth cleaning. One of the most prevalent health issues worldwide is dental decay, which includes cavities. Particularly prevalent among kids, teenagers, and elderly people. However, cavities can affect everyone who has teeth, even young children.

  • Gum disease –

    Gum disease occurs when plaque accumulates between your teeth and causes inflammation in your gums. To cure gum disease, your dentist will first need to remove some of the gum tissue that covers your teeth so that they can see how bad the infection is. Treatment usually consists of antibiotics, mouth rinses, and fluoride treatments which help to slow down or even reverse gum disease. Your dentist will also recommend that you always brush your teeth properly. By brushing your teeth with a brush and toothpaste, along with flossing once per day, you can prevent the infection from spreading.

  • Tooth decay –

    If the root of a tooth is damaged by decay, your dentist may need to remove it. If decay has not advanced far enough to cause an abscess, drilling is often necessary so that the tooth can be cleaned after extraction and then replaced by a crown or other type of artificial replacement. We have lots of microorganisms in our mouths. Some microorganisms are advantageous. However, some of them, like the ones that contribute to dental decay, can be hazardous. Plaque is a sticky, squishy layer made of these microorganisms and food. The starch and sugar in your food and drink are used by the bacteria in plaque to produce acids. The minerals on your enamel start to deteriorate due to the acids. The plaque may eventually become tartar. Plaque and tartar can irritate your gums and lead to gum disease in addition to harming your teeth.

  • Tooth whitening –

    Tooth whitening will help to reverse the effects of staining on your teeth. Common whitening ingredients include hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide. Your dentist will first need to prepare the stained areas of your teeth by removing the surface layer using a drill or scraper attachment. A gel will then be applied to your teeth for about an hour.


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There are many different types of dental problems including tooth decay and gum disease which may require specialized treatment methods to resolve them. It is important for you to understand how to handle dental problems if you have a high risk of suffering from them in the future.

How Common Dental Problems are Treated

Poor oral hygiene can result in issues ranging from severe gum disease to cavities and tooth sensitivity. However, the majority of dental issues can be easily avoided with good oral care and routine exams.

Normally, a dentist diagnoses and treats tooth problems in one of two ways. After diagnosing the type of problem, it is possible for the dentist to treat the problem with either an oral surgical procedure (such as tooth removal) or an oral therapy procedure such as medication.

Other than specialized dental tools, some procedures are done manually with certain hand-held instruments designed for that purpose.

Even though dental problems can be quite common, it is important that you seek the right treatment method to resolve them. You should also learn how to prevent dental issues from occurring in the first place.

How Often Should You Visit a Dentist?

The frequency of visits to your dentist depends on a number of things, including age and health status, diet, and specific needs of your teeth. Many people visit their dentist for regular cleanings once every six months or so. However, if there are signs that you may have suffered damage due to decay or gum disease, you should consult with your dentist as soon as possible. 

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FAQs on common dental problems:

  1. Which problems are the most common?

People over the age of 50 have more problems with their teeth than younger people. This is because older adults are prone to developing a condition known as dry mouth which causes the salivary glands to produce less saliva. The saliva helps to naturally wash away food that gathers on your teeth as well as bacteria which causes cavities and gingivitis. A dry mouth can be caused by a number of things including certain medications, excessive smoking, and dehydration. 

If you suffer from dry mouth it is important that you clean your teeth consistently and thoroughly in order to prevent tooth decay and gum disease from occurring. A good practice to prevent this condition is to brush your teeth at least twice every day and rinse them with a mouthwash with fluoride. You will also want to drink plenty of water throughout the day as well.

  1. What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums or the gum tissue that covers the teeth. The cause of gingivitis varies depending on its severity, but it can be caused by things such as poor oral hygiene, or a lack of saliva in your mouth which causes plaque buildup on your teeth and inside your gums. The main treatment for gingivitis is to remove the source of the problem (often plaque) with a toothbrush and dental floss. However, if it has advanced to a point where it is causing you pain, you will need to visit your dentist.

  1. What is tooth decay?

Tooth decay can lead to many complications like gum disease, an abscessed tooth, or even worse, an infected tooth root. The cause of tooth decay can vary depending on the type of bacteria that are present in your mouth or teeth and may result in any number of different problems. If you are experiencing problems with your teeth and gums, it is a good idea to visit your dentist as soon as possible.

  1. What is a cavity?

A cavity is a hole that forms in a tooth as a result of dental decay. Cavities develop when the tooth’s tough outer layer is worn away by oral acids (enamel). A cavity can affect anyone. Cavities can be avoided with proper brushing, flossing, and dental cleanings (sometimes called dental caries). A cavity is caused by bacteria which leads to tooth decay and can cause a number of different problems depending on how badly it has affected your teeth. If a tooth has an abscess, the dentist may need to remove all or part of it in order to prevent further infections from occurring. If you suffer from cavities it may be caused by something as simple as eating too many sweets or other poor diet choices. 

  1. What is a cracked tooth?

Cracked teeth are caused by a number of different factors and can be difficult to treat. One cause of this condition is grinding one’s teeth, which puts pressure on the teeth and leads to cracks. However, common causes include accidents, dentures that are not fitted properly, or other issues that may put too much pressure on the teeth causing them to crack or break. If you think you may have cracked a tooth, it is important that you visit your dentist for emergency care as soon as possible for treatment options.


Dental problems can be very common, but they can also be treated simply in a number of different ways depending on what options are available. However, if you are suffering from dental problems it is important that you seek treatment as soon as possible in order to prevent future complications from occurring.